Terms of Reference | Documentary on KiuFunza

Twaweza believes in an open society, built on the human impulse to make a difference; where information and ideas flow, citizens engage and authorities are accountable to the people.

Mission areas

  1. To demonstrate how citizens can come together to collectively address their systemic development problems, and make government work better for them
  2. To enable citizens’ voices, interests and experiences to be heard and taken seriously in decision-making across multiple governance levels
  3. To promote and protect open civic space which enables citizens to freely assemble, organize, speak and act

 About KiuFunza

Evidence from around the world shows that teacher effort has an impact on learning outcomes; one of the most basic measures of teacher effort is whether or not the teacher is in class. In Tanzania, teacher absence from classrooms is substantial. The Service Delivery Indicators study (2014) found that 14.4% of teachers absent from school, but moreover, that 46.7% of teachers were absent from classrooms. A set of surprise school visits conducted in 2016 suggested the trends are not changing.

Recognizing the central role teachers play in learning achievements of pupils and the magnitude of the problem of teacher absenteeism in Tanzanian classrooms, Twaweza Tanzania has for the past eight years (2013-2019) implemented a teacher motivation intervention based on a cash-on-delivery model (COD). The initiative, termed KiuFunza, aims to measure the impact on student learning of performance pay incentives for teachers in Standards I-II-III of public primary schools.

KiuFunza works. It has been implemented in 180 government-run, primary schools across 10 districts in Tanzania. Districts and schools were sampled randomly so that results are nationally representative. The first phase (2013 & 2014) trialed the direct delivery of capitation grants to schools (which was subsequently adopted by the government as policy in January 2016) and cash on delivery for teachers – separately and in combination. This phase found a significant positive impact on learning outcomes from a combination of teacher incentives and direct delivery of capitation funds.

The second phase built on this to trial different models of incentive systems since the capitation grant delivery model has already been adopted by the government. After two years of treatment (2015 and 2016), findings show that the impact is equal to one-third of a year of schooling, added to the business as usual learning progress (without incentives).

The third (current) phase is being conducted in partnership with the Government of Tanzania: the ministries of education and local government. Thus far emphasis has been on adapting the model to make use of government personnel, data and systems. We are now completing the first year of collaborative implementation and have just finalized the bonus payment for 2019 performance to teachers.


Twaweza is seeking an experienced video production team to produce a short film on the KiuFunza initiative with particular reference to the sense of team work created by the program and the inclusion of the whole of the school despite the bonus going to individuals. The film seeks to inspire audiences to, in their various capacities, push for or enable establishment of similar programs.

Brief description

Combining interviews with relevant stakeholders (proposed list below) and footage from schools, the film will be visually engaging and inspiring, and convey some of the emotional hooks of KiuFunza.


  • National government officials - to have a more positive attitude towards KiuFunza and the challenges faced by teachers, to incorporate performance pay into policy and planning and budgeting documents. We aim to use testimonials from the movie in policy engagement in Dodoma.
  • Education researchers, advocates and policy makers from various backgrounds (NGOs, academics) – to have a more positive attitude towards performance pay as a solution for education challenges and/or hear stories behind the data
  • District level education teams – to seek to learn more about KiuFunza and to take up some of the innovative processes within their area
  • KiuFunza participants – added intrinsic motivation of the recognition of their challenges and celebration of their achievements against the odds

Scope of Work & Technical Requirements

We welcome creative ideas and suggestions for innovative delivery of the message. But since many of the successes of the program happened in the past, we do not want the film to consist of talking heads only. We imagine that testimonials of those directly involved will become a central part of the movie: from teachers, head teachers, School Quality Assurance officers and Ward education officers involved in implementation, as well as Twaweza regional coordinators. Another useful element would be an animation that explains the principle of KiuFunza Cash on Delivery in simple terms; Twaweza programs have in the past benefitted from such animations (see Sauti animation youtube). Thus we welcome ideas within the proposal to ensure the film is visually engaging.

Click here to access terms of reference. 

Read more: call for proposals



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