Where does the education money go?

When the Government introduced free primary education in 2001, enrollment increased from 4.9 million in 2001 to 8.3 million in 2010. The increase in enrollment rate has been accompanied by an equally significant increase in the primary education sub-sector budget, from 237 billion shillings in 2001/02 to almost six times as much six years later.

While this increase in budget is commensurate with the increase in number of pupils, school level inputs have remained poor. The average pupil-classroom ratio is still 73:1; the pupil teacher ratio of 51:1 in 2010 is worse than it was in 2001 (46:1); in many schools children sit on the floor for lack of desks; and access to textbooks is still a major challenge. This brief questions how education inputs can remain so poor if the government is spending so much money for primary schools.

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Authors: Johannes Hoogeveen



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